Pacifism in religion and politics essay

References and Further Reading 1.

Pacifism in religion and politics essay

A Pacifist Way of Knowing: However, he does not extensively explain what he means by pacifism. Beyond that simple assumption, however, the term pacifism is used in many different kinds of ways.

Varieties of Religious Pacifism, describes no less than twenty-nine different types of religious pacifism. We wish to be very clear at the outset that our intent in this essay is to argue in favor of a particular, contestable understanding of pacifism. We thought that perhaps it would be helpful to begin with some examples of what we consider to be misunderstanding pacifism, and then go on to give a short case for what we will call Christian pacifism allowing the rest of the book to be an exploration of the epistemological consequences of our view so that readers may judge it and its consequences more fully.

Pacifism According to its Critics Pacifism is evil.

Pacifism in religion and politics essay

Some non-pacifists are strongly anti-pacifist. Pacifism for them is seen as a refusal to take responsibility for the necessary use of violence to stop evil people in our rough-and-tumble world.

This includes Christian leaders and theologians as well. They are objectively pro-terrorist. Therefore they are on the same side. As such, it is directly complicit in the furtherance of said evil.

For Social Gospel pacifism, he asserted, there is no sinful world to be renounced. Human beings are inherently good, hence they are not in need of personal salvation. Sin is not a personal, but rather a social evil, for these pacifists.

Their only salvation is a social salvation. According to this view, Christ is not the redeemer of humankind, but rather our example. It is a form of coercion or compulsion. It seeks to compel the enemy to give up.

Pacifism in Religion and Politics

In its optimism about human possibilities, it minimizes the depth of sin and violence that inevitably characterizes this fallen world. And, it ends up being too comfortable with accepting worldly tactics of coercing others—these tactics ultimately contradict the message of Jesus.

Theologian and activist Walter Wink does not reject pacifism because it is anti-war or anti-patriotic. Nor, contrary to Niebuhr and Hershberger, does he believe that social justice compatible with the message of Jesus is possible in the real world.

He does not accept their characterization of the message of Jesus as being the basis for separation from social justice concerns or incompatible with the use of nonviolent resistance.

So he does not reject pacifism because it is too optimistic or too interventionist. It is endlessly confused with passivity. Pacifism is harmless and therefore easier to accept than nonviolence, which is dangerous. Gandhi had utter contempt for nonactive pacifism.Jul 20,  · Pacifism Pacifism.

There are several different sorts of pacifism, but they all include the idea that war and violence are unjustifiable, and that conflicts should be settled in a peaceful way. Pacifism. Pacifism is the theory that peaceful rather than violent or belligerent relations should govern human intercourse and that arbitration, surrender, or migration should be used to resolve disputes.

The relation between religion and politics continues to be an important theme in political philosophy, despite the emergent consensus (both among political theorists and in practical political contexts, such as the United Nations) on the right to freedom of conscience and on the need for some sort.

Pacifism: Pacifism, the opposition to war and violence as a means of settling disputes. Pacifism may entail the belief that the waging of war by a state and the participation in war by an individual are absolutely wrong, under any circumstances.

In the ancient world, war was taken for granted as a necessary. Dec 26,  · Christianity is not a religion of pacifism, but neither is it a religion of "valor and gallantry in waging aggressive war in a just cause against the enemies of freedom while inflicting massive.

Pacifism is opposition to war, militarism, or word pacifism was coined by the French peace campaigner Émile Arnaud (–) and adopted by other peace activists at the tenth Universal Peace Congress in Glasgow in A related term is ahimsa (to do no harm), which is a core philosophy in Hinduism, Buddhism, and modern connotations are recent, having been.

Pacifism | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy