Human behavior and training

Page 45 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Human Behavior in Military Contexts. The National Academies Press. Military personnel are predominantly high school graduates in the enlisted force and college graduates in the officer corps.

Human behavior and training

Page 45 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Human Behavior in Military Contexts. The National Academies Press. Military personnel are predominantly high school graduates in the enlisted force and college graduates in the officer corps.

Although a few military Human behavior and training have civilian counterparts and can be selected rather than trained e. In addition, the military promotes from within and develops its own leaders rather than selecting them.

The training of service men and women throughout their military careers is expensive, both in terms of dollars and personnel. Since the military like industry pays its members to be trained, a reduction in training time results in savings of time and money.

Today, the training needs of the military are expanding from the need to teach skills in isolation, such as how to trouble-shoot an electronic device, to the need to teach problem- solving strategies and concepts in the context of complex and ever-changing task environments, such as how to negotiate in different cultural contexts or how to rapidly integrate information from multiple sources to make an on-the-ground decision van Merrienboer, This will require both short- and long-term research approaches.

The military has successfully implemented an instructional systems design approach to guide the development of training of isolated skills, but there are indications that this classic approach is not well suited to the emerging new demands for training of strategies and concepts in complex contexts Reiser, Research is needed to support the development of both a research base and a research-based theory of instructional design for these new kinds of learning, which include decision making, informa- tion integration, communication in cultural context, and problem solving in unexpected situations.

One can also envision military personnel being able to play serious games that promote learning. Graesser and King in this volume describe 10 advanced learning environments that hold potential for technology-based training: Such technology-based environ- ments can support the learning of both individuals and teams.

In general, reviews of the literature with respect to efficiency conservatively indicate a 30 percent reduction in training time when the same objectives are taught on computers in comparison with conventional instruction Fletcher, ; Kulik, ; Sitzmann, Kraiger, Stewart, and Wisher, When appropriate instructional strategies have been embed- ded in technology-based training systems, the systems have been shown to be 19 percent more effective than conventional instruction for teaching declarative knowledge Sitzmann et al.

The latter finding represents an improvement of performance of 50th percentile students to the 85th percentile. Findings also show that some forms of tech- nological support, particularly the use of computer simulations for training, offer the opportunity to train skills safely, efficiently, and effectively that are either impossible or very expensive to train without such support e.

To complement hard- ware and software development efforts in creating new training technolo- gies, basic research on how to use such training technologies to improve human learning is necessary.

Currently, there is a small research base on the topic, but a serious investment of research support could significantly increase its pace and usefulness for the military in the near term. Advances in educational technology are outpacing advances in an un- derlying science of learning with technology in part because the field is vendor driven, not science driven.

Thus, decisions about how to design technology-based training are often based on intuitions and opinions of persons with technological development skills rather than on research evi- dence and a research-based theory of how people learn.

As a result, training programs may not reach the optimal levels of effectiveness and efficiency. Given the centrality of training for the military, it is critical that technology-based training is based on research evidence and research-based theory.

Training programs should be based on an understanding of how people learn and how instructional methods affect learning.

Human behavior and training

It is tempting to focus on the tremendous technological advances in education, including web- based training, without sufficient attention to the people who need to be trained. In con- trast, in taking a learner-centered approach, instructional designers begin with an understanding of how people learn and seek to use technology as a cognitive tool to aid learning Mayer, ; Sweller, in press.

For example, technology-supported instruction that was based on learner-centered design principles in this case, the cognitive theory of multimedia learningtest performance improved by 0. How do people learn from words such as spoken or printed text and graphics such as illustrations, photos, animation, or video?

How do people learn from on-screen agents? How does interactivity influence learning? How do people use and learn self-regulatory skills in technology- based environments? These are the kinds of basic questions that need to be addressed in building a science of learning with technology that can benefit the training needs of the military.

Training programs should also be based on an understanding of how instructional methods affect learning. In spite of stunning advances in com- puter and information technology, the way to incorporate these technolo- gies in the service of human learning requires behavioral, not technological, research.

As noted above, there is broad consensus that learning results from instructional methods rather than instructional media Clark, Rather, the medium needs to follow from knowledge about instruction and learn- ing.

Human behavior and training

Research can identify the effects of technology-supported instructional methods and clarify the conditions under which the methods are effective e.

One topic that crosses disciplin- ary boundaries and is of considerable significance to the military is the role of feedback in computer-based simulations used for training and assessment of teams. This type of feedback is called after-event review Ellis, Mendel, and Nir, or after-action review in the military Meliza and Goldberg, in press.

The goal of research on such issues should be the establishment of a set of research-based principles for how to design technology-based training to meet military needs.

For example, much of the assumed effectiveness of serious games is attributed to motivational effects.This course offers RCA training related to human behavior to provide corrective actions to improve for your workforce.

Online pay-per-view video or LMS-compatible SCORM/AICC eLearning courses available. Situational Awareness Training and Evaluating Human Behavior March 10, By Rich Nable & filed under All Articles, Defensive Issues.

On 23 September , a year-old man named Nikhom Thephakaysone was riding on a crowded commuter train in San Francisco. Human behavior is a multi-faceted and dynamic field of study, requiring many points of interrogation to yield insights.

Learning processes lay the foundation for determining many of our behaviors, although we are constantly changing in response to our environment. Human Behavior Courses and Certificate Programs. Human behavior courses are often offered as part of a full undergraduate or graduate certificate or degree program.

Introduction to Human Behavior in the Social Environment 1 Introduction Social Work Introduction to Human Behavior in the Social Environment 3. to develop the Global Standards for the Education and Training of the Social Work Profession (Sewpaul & Jones, ).

The IASSW and IFSW. Human behavior is a multi-faceted and dynamic field of study, requiring many points of interrogation to yield insights.

Learning processes lay the foundation for determining many of our behaviors, although we are constantly changing in response to our environment.

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