November 15,6: Norton, Walter Isaacson Moderator: Regina Schulte-Ladbeck What is it? What is it about Einstein that we find so fascinating?
In Einstein reached perhaps the lowest point in his life. Desperate and unemployed, Einstein took lowly jobs tutoring children, but he was fired from even these jobs. The turning point came later that year, when the father of his lifelong friend Marcel Grossmann was able to recommend him for a position as a clerk in the Swiss patent office in Bern.
For years, Einstein would experience enormous sadness remembering that his father had died thinking him a failure.
With a small but steady income for the first time, Einstein felt confident enough to marry Maric, which he did on January 6, Their children, Hans Albert and Eduard, were born in Bern in andrespectively. He would quickly finish analyzing patent applications, leaving him time to daydream about the vision that had obsessed him since he was What would happen if you raced alongside a light beam?
This insight led Einstein to formulate the principle of relativity: If light occurs in tiny packets later called photonsthen it should knock out electrons in a metal in a precise way. This provided the first mechanism to explain the energy source of the Sun and other stars.
Einstein also submitted a paper in for his doctorate. However, Mileva had abandoned physics after twice failing her graduate exams, and there is no record of her involvement in developing relativity.
In fact, in his paper, Einstein only credits his conversations with Besso in developing relativity. In the 19th century there were two pillars of physics: Einstein was alone in realizing that they were in contradiction and that one of them must fall.
This began to change after he received the attention of just one physicist, perhaps the most influential physicist of his generation, Max Planckthe founder of the quantum theory. He was constantly on the road, speaking at international conferences, and lost in contemplation of relativity.
The couple argued frequently about their children and their meager finances. When he finally divorced Mileva inhe agreed to give her the money he might receive if he ever won a Nobel Prize. One of the deep thoughts that consumed Einstein from to was a crucial flaw in his own theory: His friend Paul Ehrenfest had noticed a curious fact.
If a disk is spinning, its rim travels faster than its centre, and hence by special relativity metre sticks placed on its circumference should shrink. This meant that Euclidean plane geometry must fail for the disk. For the next 10 years, Einstein would be absorbed with formulating a theory of gravity in terms of the curvature of space-time.
In November Einstein finally completed the general theory of relativity, which he considered to be his masterpiece.
Later they patched up their differences and remained friends. Einstein would write to Hilbert, I struggled against a resulting sense of bitterness, and I did so with complete success. I once more think of you in unclouded friendship, and would ask you to try to do likewise toward me.
Today physicists refer to the action from which the equations are derived as the Einstein-Hilbert action, but the theory itself is attributed solely to Einstein. Mercury in tests of relativity. His theory also predicted a measurable deflection of light around the Sun.
As a consequence, he even offered to help fund an expedition to measure the deflection of starlight during an eclipse of the Sun.
Many feared that calling in the police to release the officials would result in a tragic confrontation.Albert Einstein was a great thinker, an amazing scientist, and a genius who was born with a brilliant brain.
Flickr Creative Commons Images Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through urbanagricultureinitiative.com Aug 21, · Watch video · Born on March 14, , in the southern German city of Ulm, Albert Einstein grew up in a middle-class Jewish family in Munich.
As a child, Einstein became fascinated by music (he played the violin. Albert Einstein: Young Thinker (Childhood of Famous Americans) [Marie Hammontree] on urbanagricultureinitiative.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Presents the early life of the German-born physicist whose theory of relativity revolutionized scientific thinking/5(9).
Albert Einstein Biography Born in Germany , Albert Einstein is one of the most celebrated scientists of the Twentieth Century. His theories on relativity laid the framework for a new branch of physics, and Einstein’s E = mc 2 on mass-energy equivalence is one of the most famous formulas in the world.
Albert Einstein was a great thinker, an amazing scientist, and a genius who was born with a brilliant brain. Flickr Creative Commons Images Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through urbanagricultureinitiative.com German-born physicist, a thinker of astounding insight, author of the special and general theories of relativity, and winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics for his work on the photoelectric effect.
The son of a manufacturer of electrical equipment, Einstein was educated at various schools in.