The framework sets out the way the company does business and promotes a corporate culture and identity.
They will need to consider pertinent information from other sources as well. However, these are not considered a primary user and general purpose financial reports are not primarily directed to regulators or other parties.
Information about the claims and payment requirements assists users to predict how future cash flows will be distributed among those with a claim on the reporting entity. Users need to be able to distinguish between both of these changes.
Such information may also indicate the extent to which general economic events have changed the entity's ability to generate future cash inflows. This information indicates how the entity obtains and spends cash, including information about its borrowing and repayment of debt, cash dividends to shareholders, etc.
Qualitative characteristics of useful financial information The qualitative characteristics of useful financial reporting identify the types of information are likely to be most useful to users in making decisions about the reporting entity on the basis of information in its financial report.
The qualitative characteristics apply equally to financial information in general purpose financial reports as well A conceptual framework of corporate and to financial information provided in other ways.
The usefulness of financial information is enhanced if it is comparable, verifiable, timely and understandable. Financial information is capable of making a difference in decisions if it has predictive value, confirmatory value, or both.
The predictive value and confirmatory value of financial information are interrelated. To be useful, financial information must not only be relevant, it must also represent faithfully the phenomena it purports to represent.
Faithful representation means representation of the substance of an economic phenomenon instead of representation of its legal form only. Prudence is the exercise of caution when making judgements under conditions of uncertainty.
Comparability enables users to identify and understand similarities in, and differences among, items. Verifiability means that different knowledgeable and independent observers could reach consensus, although not necessarily complete agreement, that a particular depiction is a faithful representation.
While some phenomena are inherently complex and cannot be made easy to understand, to exclude such information would make financial reports incomplete and potentially misleading. Financial reports are prepared for users who have a reasonable knowledge of business and economic activities and who review and analyse the information with diligence.
However, enhancing qualitative characteristics either individually or collectively cannot render information useful if that information is irrelevant or not represented faithfully.
Reporting such information imposes costs and those costs should be justified by the benefits of reporting that information. The IASB assesses costs and benefits in relation to financial reporting generally, and not solely in relation to individual reporting entities.
The IASB will consider whether different sizes of entities and other factors justify different reporting requirements in certain situations. Financial statements and the reporting entity Objective and scope of financial statements The objective of financial statements is to provide information about an entity's assets, liabilities, equity, income and expenses that is useful to financial statements users in assessing the prospects for future net cash inflows to the entity and in assessing management's stewardship of the entity's resources.
It can be a single entity or a portion of an entity or can comprise more than one entity. A reporting entity is not necessarily a legal entity.
As the project to revise the Framework progresses, relevant paragraphs in Chapter 4 will be deleted and replaced by new Chapters in the IFRS Framework.
Thus, the financial statements presume that an entity will continue in operation indefinitely or, if that presumption is not valid, disclosure and a different basis of reporting are required.A conceptual framework should take into account the theoretical and conceptual matters containing financial description and structure a logical and reliable foundation so as to strengthen the development of accounting standards.
– The objective of this paper is to introduce and describe a conceptual framework of corporate and business ethics across organizations in terms of ethical structures, ethical processes and . A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR A COMPARATIVE UNDERSTANDING OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DIRK MATTEN York University, Toronto JEREMY MOON University of Nottingham We address the question of how and why corporate social responsibility (CSR) differs among countries and how and why it changes.
Applying two schools of thought in. 1. INTRODUCTION This framework provides an overview of the corporate governance structures, principles, policies and practices of the Board of Directors of Royal Bank of Canada (RBC or the Bank), which together enable.
The IASB’s Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting I am from England, and here in the UK, unlike most countries, our system of government has no comprehensive written constitution. It also proposes a conceptual framework of Organizational Culture which has been derived to show the behavior dynamics pertaining to which manager takes up different roles to build Workplace Cooperation.